All About International Organisations


International organisations are entities established by formal political agreements between their members that have the status of international treaties; their existence is recognized by law in their member countries. International organisations play a crucial role in shaping the international relations of India.

These organisations provide a platform for international cooperation, promote peace, address global issues, and contribute to the overall development and progress of nations. These organisations aim to address shared challenges, promote common interests, and establish norms and standards that govern international relations. India’s engagement with international organisations reflects its growing global role and its commitment to multilateralism and cooperation.

United Nations (UN):

The UN is the largest and most universal international organisation, with 193 member states and 2 observer states. It was established in 1945 to maintain international peace and security, promote cooperation and friendship among nations, and uphold human rights and dignity. India is a founding member of the UN and has played an active and influential role in its various organs, such as the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and the Human Rights Council. India is also a major contributor to UN peacekeeping operations, having sent over 200,000 troops to 49 missions since 1948. India supports the reform of the UN, especially the expansion of the Security Council, to make it more representative and effective.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC):

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is a regional organisation comprising eight member states, including India. SAARC promotes regional cooperation, economic integration, and development within the South Asian region. India has been an active participant in SAARC, hosting its summits and organising various regional initiatives. SAARC provides a platform to address common challenges, foster cultural exchange, and enhance cooperation among member states.

G20 (Group of Twenty):

India’s membership in the G20 showcases its importance on the global stage. This forum brings together the world’s major economies to discuss and coordinate on international economic issues. India actively participates in G20 meetings, contributing to policy discussions on matters such as trade, finance, and sustainable development.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank:

In addressing economic challenges and promoting development, India collaborates with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. Member countries are extended financial assistance, technical expertise, and policy advice by these institutions. India’s engagement with them aims at obtaining funds for infrastructure projects, poverty alleviation, and economic reforms, thereby fostering economic stability and growth.

Asian Development Bank (ADB):

India is a major contributor to and beneficiary of the ADB, which provides loans and technical assistance for infrastructure projects across Asia. This helps improve connectivity and economic integration within the region.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO):

By becoming a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in 2017, India expanded its diplomatic outreach. The SCO primarily focuses on security, economic cooperation, and cultural exchanges among member states. India’s involvement in the organisation demonstrates its commitment to regional stability and collaboration on issues such as counter-terrorism and energy security.

World Trade Organization (WTO):

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a global trading organisation that regulates and facilitates international trade. India became a member of the WTO in 1995 and actively participates in its decision-making processes. The WTO seeks to create a level playing field for trade, promote liberalisation, and ensure fair and transparent trade practices. India’s membership in the WTO has opened up new markets for its goods and services, contributing to its economic growth and development.

Conclusion – As we all know, International Organizations play a pivotal role in fostering global collaboration, and initiatives like Digital India, Digital India Portal, and Digital Seva Portal are instrumental in advancing India’s digital transformation. These platforms facilitate efficient governance, citizen engagement, and promote inclusivity. Embracing digital solutions is crucial for nations worldwide, and international cooperation enhances the collective pursuit of technological progress and sustainable development.

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